this is the process of our artwork production
As part of our research into the different types of handmade carpets manufactured in Iran, nomadic ones are very much interesting for us. We realized that the way we are working is very similar; moving from one production place to another, gathering for resources and available free materials for our handmade artwork, taking as inspiration our enviroment.
Nomadic people, commonly known as itinerants in modern-day contexts, are communities of people who move from one place to another, rather than settling permanently in one location. There are an estimated 30-40 million nomads in the world.
Many cultures have traditionally been nomadic, but traditional nomadic behavior is increasingly rare in industrialized countries. Nomadic cultures are discussed in three categories according to economic specialization: hunter-gatherers, pastoral nomads, and “peripatetic nomads”. Nomadic hunting and gathering, following seasonally available wild plants and game, is by far the oldest human subsistence method. Pastoralists raise herds, driving them or moving with them, in patterns that normally avoid depleting pastures beyond their ability to recover. Peripatetic nomads, who offer the skills of a craft or trade to those with whom they travel, are most common in industrialized nations. (Keep reading the source: Wikipedia).
By 1920 nomadic pastoral tribes were over a quarter of Iran’s population. Tribal pastures were nationalized during the 1960s. The National Commission of UNESCO registered the population of Iran at 21 million in 1963, of whom two million (9.5%) were nomads. Although the nomadic population of Iran has dramatically decreased in the 20th century, Iran still has one of the largest nomadic populations in the world, an estimated 1.5 million in a country of about 70 million.
But the modern age is also invading the culture of nomads and eroding it slowly. Nomads life is increasingly being influenced by technology and consumerism. Some nomads now use modern appliances for heating and cooking, trucks for hauling cargo and bicycles for children. They’ve also turned to satellite TV for entertainment instead of engaging in the traditional storytelling.
Nomads fight Modernization
Climate Change and indigenous nomadic tribes of Iran
Bakhtiar & Ghashghaie nomad tribes
Iran´s nomads going extint (Global report)
The erosion of nomad´s culture in Iran (Photo Report)
What is contemporary Global Nomadism and how does it affect Materialism? (Science Daily Report)
Featured Image: Nomads – Kaleibar, Iran under Creative Commons License by Picasa